Periodontics focuses on the inflammatory condition which destroys the gums and the teeth' supporting structures. A periodontist specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of periodontal disease that affects the gums and the treatment of implant devices.
Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease) is an infection of the tissues that keep your teeth in place. It is caused mainly by incorrect brushing and flossing habits, which allow plaque - a sticky film of bacteria, to accumulate and harden on the teeth. Periodontal disease, in its late stages, can cause sore and bleeding gums, chewing problems, and even tooth loss.
- Formation of plaque due to poor oral hygiene
- Chewing tobacco
- Certain medications
- Obesity and diabetes
- Vitamin C deficiency
- Bad breath
- Gums that are red or swollen
- Painful or bleeding gums
- Pain while chewing
- Loose teeth
- Tooth sensitivity
- Receding gum line
Treatment of Periodontitis and Gingivitis
- Gum and periodontal diseases typically are the result of tooth decay and cause the infection of the tooth pulp. A periodontics specialist prescribes antibiotics for these infections or carries out surgical procedures, such as the drainage of a dental abscess. Other treatment options include the following:
- Scaling is done to clean the teeth and remove all plaque and tartar that has accumulated above and below the gum line.
- Root planing is done to smooth uneven surfaces and remove microorganisms that cause infection. We'll clean the gum line all the way down to the roots, where the bones are contaminated.
- Antibiotics like Arestin may be prescribed to treat periodontitis.
- When periodontitis has progressed to the point that the surrounding bones have been damaged, bone grafting can be used to support the diseased tooth and prevent tooth loss.
Other Periodontics Procedures
The treatment addresses the receding gums by covering the exposed roots, which reduces sensitivity, helps protect against tooth decay, and stops further recession.
- Surgery For Crown Lengthening
It is done to reshape the excess gums and bone tissue to alter the appearance of a gummy smile or to create a healthy space between the gums, teeth, and bone.
A periodontist is well trained in dental implant surgery that involves replacing damaged, decayed, broken, or missing teeth with a durable, natural-looking prosthetic tooth.
Please reach out to our dental practice in Flanders, NJ, to have a consultation with our dentists. Please call us at (973) 370-8917 or schedule an online consultation, and we'll guide you further.